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Wednesday, 9 November 2011
Flash burns are the most common injury associated with welding; they are caused by exposure to ultraviolet light and can affect anyone near the welder even if you are not looking at the welding flame. Although this usually occurs with arc welding, anyone within about 20 feet of a welder should have polycarbonate safety glasses wih side shields, which will block ultraviolet light. Dark glasses are not required to prevent uv burns.
Equipment Safety Tips
Acetylene cylinders should be secured in an upright position prior to and during use. Acetylene is packaged in a cylinder filled with Diatemaceous Earth.The acetylene is dissolved in acetone and the solution is then pumped into the cylinder.
If the cylinder is placed on its side and then set upright again,it takes some time for the system to reequilibrate and for the acetone to drain out of the dip tube in the valve.If welding is done during this period,the weld will be high in carbon due to the acetone.If welding is done with the cylinder on its side, you may get "spitting".
Learn about Oxy acetylene welding
All cylinders that are connected for use must be lashed or chained; cylinders must be clearly marked to identify the contents. Mark empty tanks with the letters MT, and close the valves and replace the caps securely. Empty cylinders should never be placed where they could become part of an electrical circuit.
All cylinders that are not connected for use must be capped. Stored oxygen cylinders must be separated from stored fuel gas cylinders or combustibles by at least 20 feet or by a 5-foot high, fire-resistant barrier with a 30-minute rating.
Because regulators are delicate, they must be handled carefully. Never use pliers or pipe wrench to attach them. Never pound valves equipped with wheels to open or close them. "Creeping" regulators must be repaired immediately.
Hoses should be color coded to avoid using the wrong hose. Any hoses with leaks, worn spots or burns must be replaced or repaired before use.
Oxygen hose connections are threaded right-handed. Acetylene and other fuel gas hose connections are threaded left-handed. This helps prevent accidentally switching oxygen and fuel gas hoses.
Hoses can be tested for leaks by immersing them in tap water or grease-free soapy water. Do not try to repair hoses with tape.Use only fittings that are bronze or brass (less than 65 percent copper). Never use copper because it forms copper acetylide, which can explode. Never use oil, grease or a similar substance on torches or regulators, because in the presence of oxygen they may burn, or if ignited, explode.
Before hookup always make sure the cylinder outlets are pointing away from each other. This prevents improper mixtures in case a leak occurs. When opening the cylinder valve, never face the gauge--stand to one side to prevent injury caused by malfunctioning valves.
Anyone looking directly at the flame should have eye protection with dark lenses, and if near the torch, a hood to protect against slag.